A fleet of 17 utility, van and flat tray bodied trucks has been tested for fuel consumption and exhaust emissions over a range of drive cycles and steady state operating conditions. The influence of vehicle load on the results was included. For each vehicle the tractive force applied by the chassis dynamometer, on which testing was performed, was adjusted to match those found on the road using a new procedure. The fuel consumption results show a downward trend with model year (1.7% annum); about 30% higher petrol use compared with diesel; a cold start penalty of 3 L/100 km and over 2:1 variation for vehicles capable of identical transport task. Exhaust emissions from these rigid trucks were between 3 and 6 times greater than those of the passenger car fleet.