1987-09-01

Lubricant Performance and Turbochargers Analysis for Alternate Fuel Tests 871623

Five T31 turbochargers used on a direct-injected diesel engine were tested as part of a plant fuel evaluation program. The engine was tested on the 200-hour durability cycle proposed by the Engine Manufacturer's Association (EMA). Part of the evaluation was an investigation of premature carbon and lacquer deposits, and wear within the turbocharger due to oil deterioration from the hybrid fuels.
The lubricant viscosities for all tested fuels, except the microemulsion, were within normal limits. A sudden increase in lubricating oil viscosity for the microemulsion was observed. At the same time, higher blow-by and increased lubricating oil consumption was noted.
All turbochargers displayed journal bearing wear but no rubs or unusual seal leakage was formed. The turbine shafts showed various degrees of hot shutdown and high temperature operation for different fuels. The turbine wheels and housings varied in color from a soft gray to dark black. Varying amounts of varnish buildup on the turbine shaft, the thrust bearing, and the thrust collar for the different fuels were observed.

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