A supersonic STOVL fighter aircraft aerodynamic research program is being conducted at NASA Ames Research Center. The research focuses on technology development for this type of aircraft and includes generating an extensive aerodynamic database and resolving particular aerodynamic uncertainties for various twin- and single-engine aircraft concepts. Highlights of the results from this program are presented. The highlights include propulsion-induced effects on the aircraft drag, prediction capabilities, volume integration for minimizing drag, and wave drag and aerodynamic efficiency comparisons. Results indicate that estimated STOVL fighter performance is roughly comparable to the performance of modern conventional fighters in terms of wave drag and aerodynamic efficiency.