Characteristics of diesel combustion with high pressure fuel injection were investigated, using a supercharged and charge air cooled single cylinder engine. Observation and analysis of combustion was performed using high speed schlieren photography at a definite low level NOx emission, while varying the parameters of both injection pressure and swirl ratio. Engine performance at a high injection pressure was evaluated in combination with shallow dish type combustion chamber and 8 hole nozzle. Two different intake ports (higher and lower swirl ratio) were used for the evaluation. Conventional injection system in combination with toroidal cavity and 4 hole nozzle was compared as a base line. It is generally said that quiescent combustion system is suitable for higher injection pressure configuration. According to the observed result of combustion photographs, however, higher swirl ratio shows better mixing than a lower swirl ratio, which was also confirmed by the performance test.