Many aerospace components undergo a finishing process during their manufacture. Such finishing processes include chromium, nickel, zinc and cadmium plating on steels; anodize on aluminum alloys; and various coatings on titanium and nickel base alloys. Certain of these finishing processes result in loss of fatigue strength of the part in question. Loss of fatigue strength caused by chromium and nickel plating amounting to 60% has been measured. Shot peening is frequently used on fatigue critical parts to regain fatigue properties which may have been lost due to a particular finishing operation.Shot peening is a process which bombards the surface of a part with small spherical balls. The cold working effect of the peening balls leaves the surface of the part in a state of residual compressive stress. The beneficial compressive stresses induced by shot peening are effective in increasing fatigue properties of the component.Data will be presented illustrating the beneficial effects of shot peening components which are to undergo finishing processing. Additional data will be presented regarding recommended shot peening processing techniques which will lead to optimum increases in fatigue characteristics of finished components.