The potential for catalytically enhanced ignition in low-heat rejection Diesel engines has been experimentally studied under engine simulated conditions in a high pressure chemical flow reactor. Results are presented for propane oxidation on platinum at 6 and 10 atmospheres, at temperatures from 800K to 1050K, and at equivalence ratios from 0.5 to 4.0.For turbulent transport rates which are typical of those in an engine, as much as 20% of the fuel was found to react on the catalyst before the onset of the gas-phase ignition reactions. Depending on the adiabaticity of the combustion chamber walls, this could lead to significant thermal enhancement of the gas-phase ignition process. Evidence of chemical enhancement was also observed, at 10 atm under very fuel rich conditions, in terms of a change in the concentration and distribution of the hydrocarbon intermediate species. Possible mechanisms for the observed chemical enhancement due to surface generated species are discussed.