Fracture Toughness of A356-T6 Cast Aluminum Alloy 881705
Fracture toughness tests were conducted on the SAEFDE Committee's round-robin A356-T6 cast aluminum alloy materials designated X, Y and Z. Compact type specimens with a thickness of 9.1 and 20.3 mm were tested. Valid Klc values couid not be obtained for 9.1 mm thick specimens but were obtained for 20.3 mm thickness specimens. Due to larger castings, and hence slower cooling rates, a coarse secondary dendrite arm spacing, DAS, of 80 to 90 μm existed in the three materials. Similar Klc values were 18, 16.7 and 17.3
for the A356-T6 materials X, Y and Z respectively. Final fracture surfaces were also similar with predominant cleavage fracture with some localized ductile dimples and secondary cracking.