In comparison with current production diesel engines the next generation will need to have better fuel consumption, lower noise and reduced emissions both gaseous and visible.
Research over the last ten years has shown that higher rates of injection, coupled with a sharp end of injection and precise timing control will give considerable benefits.
The Lucas CAV response to this requirement is the development of an electronically controlled unit injector system which provides these characteristics.
This paper describes the operating principles and looks at the main performance parameters, including design considerations for continuous operation at pressures up to 1500 Bar.
As the unit injector is a new concept to many engine manufacturers, Lucas CAV has developed a suite of computer programmes to assist in the design and engine application process in terms of a complete hydraulic simulation, unit injector drive train analysis and cam design.