Transient Characteristics of Single-Hole Diesel Sprays 890314
Diesel fuel was injected through a pintle nozzle into quiescent ambient air and the transient characteristics of the spray were examined as a function of injection pump speed. The laser-based techniques characterised the spray in terms of its transient structure, tip penetration, droplet axial mean and rms velocities and average droplet size. The results, when correlated with the fuel line pressure and nozzle exit conditions, revealed the presence of four regimes in the transient spray development: an early injection period representing the first stage of droplet formation, the main injection period associated with the formation and break up of a dense core and representing the second stage of droplet formation, a late injection period corresponding to the collapse of the dense core and a post injection period where, depending on the injection conditions, liquid ligaments and/or large droplets are present near the nozzle and may give rise to a third stage of droplet formation. The relevance of these regimes to diesel combustion is discussed.