Fuel-Air Mixing and Distribution in a Direct-Injection Stratified-Charge Rotary Engine 890329
A three-dimensional model for flows and combustion in reciprocating and rotary engines is applied to a direct-injection stratified-charge rotary engine to identify the main parameters that control its burning rate. It is concluded that the orientation of the six sprays of the main injector with respect to the air stream is important to enhance vaporization and the production of flammable mixture. In particular, no spray should be in the wake of any other spray. It was predicted that if such a condition is respected, the indicated efficiency would increase by some 6% at higher loads and 2% at lower loads. The computations led to the design of a new injector tip that has since yielded slightly better efficiency gains than predicted.