1989-02-01

Particulate Formation and Flame Structure in Diesel Engines 890436

The present paper describes the particulate formation in diesel flames considering the flame structure and its similarity to that of gaseous turbulent diffusion flames. A comparison of spatial variations of soot concentration, equivalence ratio and flame temperature between diesel flames and turbulent diffusion flames reveals the facts that soot particles are mostly farmed in a region where the equivalence ratio is near stoichiometric and the flame temperature is the highest in both flames, and that in diesel flames this region exists generally near the flame tip.
A close inspection of high speed photographs of diesel flames suggests the three major routes of soot emission from diesel engines: quenching of flamelets detached from the flame tip due to 1) the flame impingement onto the wall; and 2) cooling of the flamelets by the bulk air; and 3) survival of soot containing flamelets inside the flame.

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