1989-11-01

A FEM Approach to the Sealing Performance of Cylinder Head Gaskets 891287

Various loads given to engine's cylinder-head gaskets increase with generating high performance. To maintain enough gasket-sealing pressure against those loads, the FEM is useful for the design of the cylinder-head and block. The analysis is executed for the loads to the gaskets resulting from cylinder-head bolts tightening, gas pressure, and temperature distribution.Compression characteristic of the gasket shows remarkable non-linearity. We simulate the non-linear characteristic with two linear analyses combined.Reasonable sealing pressure distribution under the bolts tightening force in the, analysis are obtained. The contact pressure distribution and the-deformation of cylinder-head and block under various load can be observed. This method permits us to develop cylinder-head and block which give the optimum seal performance to the gasket.

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