Effect of Charging Alcoholic Fuel with Electricity on Engine Performances 891337
By using an inside visible carburettor, effects of high voltage application to the injected fuel on its behaviour and engine performances are investigated. At first five electrode arrangements around the venturi are examined to clearify the charging mechanism on the injected fuel and its effect on the fuel atomization. The experimental results show that when induced charging, corona charging and electrostatic force are effectively applied to the injected fuel, its atomization is remarkably improved. The diameter of fuel droplets monotonously decreases with increase of applied voltage and the effect is more distinct when the induced air velocity is low. Firing engine test is also carried out and it is revealed that when the throttle valve opening is large, the application of voltage considerably spreads the combustible range toward leaner side. Cyclic variation is reduced and startability is improved by the charge under the severe operating condition.