1989-07-01

Analytical Methods to Predict Liquid Congealing in Ram Air Heat Exchangers During Cold Operation 891439

RAM AIR HEAT EXCHANGERS used to cool liquids such as lube oils or Ethylene-Glycol/water solutions can be subject to congealing in very cold ambients, resulting in a loss of cooling capability. Two-dimensional, transient analytical models have been developed to explore this phenomenon with both continuous and staggered fin cores. Staggered fin predictions are compared to flight test data from the E-2C Allison T56 engine lube oil system during winter conditions. For simpler calculations, a viscosity ratio correction was introduced and found to provide reasonable cold ambient performance predictions for the staggered fin core, using a one-dimensional approach.

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