1989-09-01

The Evaluation of the Influence of Vehicle Crashworthiness and Interior Parts on Occupant Injury 892009

In order to secure effective occupant protection at vehicle collisions, it is necessary to conduct close examination into vehicle crash characteristics as well as interior parts, etc. This paper analyzes the behavior of a HYBRID III dummy restrained by three point seatbelt using MVMA2D computer simulation program at a 35 mph vehicle frontal barrier crash.
As a result, it is found for good agreement between experiment and simulation that the exact input data of successive toeboard intrusion play an important role. As for the parametric study on vehicle crashworthiness, the authors propose the convenient method to represent the actual crash pulse by two simplified trapezoids. Then using these trapezoids, the parametric study clarifies the influence of vehicle deformation characteristics as well as the interior parts on dummy injury.

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