1989-09-01

3-D Computations to Improve Combustion in a stratified-Charge Rotary Engine Part II: A Better Spray Pattern for the Pilot Injector 892057

A three-dimensional combustion model of a direct-injection stratified-charge rotary engine is used to identify modifications that might lead to better indicated efficiency. The engine, which has a five-hole main injector and a pilot injector, is predicted to achieve better indicated efficiency if a two-hole ‘rabbit-ear’ pilot injector is used instead of its present single-hole pilot injector. This rabbit-ear arrangement is predicted to increase the surface area of the early flame (on account of better distribution of the fuel), and thereby result in an increased overall burning rate. Computations were made at high and low engine speeds and loads, encompassing the practical operating range. It is concluded that the modified pilot injector will increase indicated efficiency by about 5% within the computed operating range.

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