The oil consumption phenomena during transient engine operating condition is analyzed. The investigation of the oil consumption by means of the real-time oil consumption meter shows that higher intake manifold vacuum during engine-brake condition causes a larger amount of transient oil consumption.The reverse blowby gas flow into the combustion chamber from the crankcase is generated by the high vacuum under engine-brake condition. It is found that this reverse gas flow carries the oil into the chamber from the third land of the piston through the ring end gap of the compression rings. The oil on the piston skirt leaks into the third land through the clearance between the oil ring and the cylinder bore. The weakened bore-to-ring contact pressure by the piston slap motion increases the amount of the leakage oil.New ring sets and pistons are developed based on the results of this study. The experimental results prove that these ring sets and pistons have high potential to decrease the amount of the transient oil consumption.