1989-10-01

Windshield Impact Response: An Empirical Study of the Standard Three-Ply Construction 892434

An experimental program to characterize the impact response of a standard 3-ply high penetration resistance (HPR) windshield was conducted using a specially designed linear impactor test facility (1). * Parameters varied included the location and angle of impact, impactor mass and velocity, windshield bonding system, and windshield integrity (whether it was pre-cracked). Specific findings included the following:
  • The magnitude of the initial spike in the force-time history is a function of the inertia of the windshield mass localized around the impact site.
  • The windshield bond has no effect on this initial force spike and thus cannot be used to alter or control it.
  • Minor pre-cracking of the windshield has no effect on the impact event.
  • The impact severity decreases as the rake angle (mounting angle with respect to the vertical) increases.
  • The location of the initial impact site has only a minor effect on the impact severity.
  • The coefficient for the ploughing component of head-windshield friction is approximately 1 independent of the test conditions.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

An Improved Windshield

700482

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Effect of Windshield Design on High Speed Impact Resistance

2000-01-2723

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Comparison of Drag-Sled and Skidding-Vehicle Drag Factors on Dry Roadways

2006-01-1398

View Details

X