A modular particulate trap system for buses, trucks and other applications consiting of honeycomb traps and an electrical regeneration system has been designed and tested on a test bench and in a city bus.
For regeneration, the soot is ignited at the entrance of the trap channel by electric heaters. After ignition, the soot burns self-supporting without further energy supply. Regeneration is possible over the whole engine map. The electrical energy consumption of the heaters for a city bus is in average below 100 W. The filtration efficiency of the system including regeneration is about 80 % during transient city driving. During regeneration, appr. 98 % of the accumulated hydrocarbons adsobed to the soot in the trap are burned off the initiated combustion front. Additionally, the odor of the diesel engine exhaust gas behind the trap is lowered at low engine load even during regeneration.