A Methodology for Inhibiting the Formation of Pollutants in Diesel Engines 900394
The methodology put forth in this paper stems from the premise that the primary reason for the generation of major pollutants by diesel engines, particulates and nitric oxides, is associated with over-reliance upon diffusion flames to carry out the process of combustion. Specific means are, therefore, proposed to inhibit their formation. This consists of refinements involving the use of either hollow cone spray injectors or air blast atomizers. Concomitantly, the process of combustion is staged by either regulating the rate of injection or employing a number of consecutively activated injectors per cylinder under a microprocessor command, while regions of high temperature peaks are distributed throughout the charge and kept at a relatively low level by exploiting the large scale vortex structure of turbulent pulsed jets combined with residual gas recirculation. Most appropriate for the realization of these concepts is a two-stroke, loop scavenged engine with special provisions included to curb emission of unburned hydrocarbon due to lubricating oil.