1990-04-01

Computer Aided Analysis of Flexible Multibody Vehicle Systems 900890

In this paper methods for the nonlinear dynamic analysis of multibody vehicle systems are presented. A total Lagrangian finite element formulation for deformable bodies of the vehicle systems that undergo large translational and rotational displacements is developed. A set of nonlinear dynamic differential equations are developed in a closed form for each finite element in terms of the reference as well as the nodal elstic coordinates and their time derivatives. These equations are expressed in terms of a set of element invariants that depend on the assumed displacement field. The invariants of the deformable body that undergoes large reference translational and rotational displacements can be obtained by assembling the invariants of its elements using a standard finite element procedure. The nonlinear dynamic equations of the deformable body can then be obtained by assembling the nonlinear element equations. Both the consistent and lumped mass finite element formulations are discussed. The dynamic formulations presented in this paper are exemplified using multibody vehicle systems that consist of interconnected rigid and deformable bodies. Numerical results are obtained using the general purpose computer program DAMS (Dynamic Analysis of Multibody Systems).

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