Electrooxidation is a means of removing organic solutes directly from waste waters without the use of chemical expendables. Research sponsored by NASA Johnson Space Center is currently being pursued at Texas A&M University to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept for oxidation of organic impurities common to urine, shower waters and space habitat humidity condensates. Electrooxidation of urine and waste water ersatz was experimentally demonstrated. This paper discusses the electrooxidation principle, reaction kinetics, efficiency, power, size, experimental test results and water reclamation applications. Process operating potentials and the use of anodic oxidation potentials that are sufficiently low to avoid oxygen formation and chloride oxidation are described. The design of a novel electrochemical system that incorporates a membrane-based electrolyte based on parametric test data and current fuel cell technology is presented.