1990-09-01

Initial Evaluation of a Spill Valve Concept for Two-Stroke Cycle Engine Light Load Operation 901663

Two-stroke cycle direct injection engines can achieve adequate stability at idle with stratified combustion at very lean overall air-fuel ratio, but exhaust temperature is very low. A rotary valve system was designed to spill charge from the cylinder into the intake tract during the compression stroke, in order to allow stable operation at lower engine delivery ratio and thereby increase exhaust temperature.
Reduction of the engine delivery ratio was not achieved due to the poor scavenging characteristics of the swirl liners used, which resulted in high content of exhaust residual gas in the spill recirculation flow. Although the concept objective of higher exhaust temperature was not realized, the results indicate that the concept may be feasible if high purity of the spill recirculation flow can be achieved in conjunction with high trapping efficiency.

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