1990-09-01

Comparison of Performance Characteristics of Loop and Cross Scavenged Two-Stroke Engines 901666

This paper describes an experimental comparison of loop and cross scavenged single-cylinder research engines. The cross scavenged engines have employed the QUB type deflector piston. The initial results show that the QUB cross scavenged engine exhibited inferior performance characteristics. Utilizing the QUB single cycle test rig, a study of the QUB cross scavenging system has shown that the bore-to-stroke ratio significantly influences the scavenging behaviour; reduction of the bore-to-stroke ratio from over-square values gave improved characteristics. On the basis of this finding, a new cross scavenged cylinder barrel was designed. In a subsequent series of dynamometer tests, improvements in power, fuel economy and emission characteristics were recorded for the new cylinder. These improved results approximate closely to those recorded for the loop scavenged engine and are considerably superior to those of the original cross scavenged cylinder.

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