Biomechanical Response and Injury Tolerance of the Thorax in Twelve Sled Side Impacts 902307

Twelve side impact sled tests were performed using a horizontally accelerated sled and a Heidelberg-type seat fixture. In these tests the subject's whole body impacted a sidewall with one of three surface conditions: 1) a flat, rigid side wall, 2) a side wall with a 6″ pelvic offset, or 3) a flat, padded side wall. This series of runs provided a good test of how injury criteria perform under a variety of impact surface conditions. In this study thoracic injury criteria based on force, acceleration, compression, and velocity x compression (VC) were evaluated. Maximum compression and VCmax proved to be the best injury indicators in this series. Biomechanical response and injury tolerance are also presented.


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