Biomechanical Response and Injury Tolerance of the Thorax in Twelve Sled Side Impacts 902307
Twelve side impact sled tests were performed using a horizontally accelerated sled and a Heidelberg-type seat fixture. In these tests the subject's whole body impacted a sidewall with one of three surface conditions: 1) a flat, rigid side wall, 2) a side wall with a 6″ pelvic offset, or 3) a flat, padded side wall. This series of runs provided a good test of how injury criteria perform under a variety of impact surface conditions. In this study thoracic injury criteria based on force, acceleration, compression, and velocity x compression (VC) were evaluated. Maximum compression and VCmax proved to be the best injury indicators in this series. Biomechanical response and injury tolerance are also presented.
Citation: Cavanaugh, J., Walilko, T., Malhotra, A., Zhu, Y. et al., "Biomechanical Response and Injury Tolerance of the Thorax in Twelve Sled Side Impacts," SAE Technical Paper 902307, 1990, https://doi.org/10.4271/902307. Download Citation
John M. Cavanaugh, Timothy J. Walilko, Anita Malhotra, Yonghua Zhu, Albert I. King
Bioengineering Center Wayne State Univ.
Stapp Car Crash Conference
Biomechanics of Impact Injury and Injury Tolerances of the Thorax-Shoulder Complex-PT-45, Thirty-Fourth Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings-P-236, SAE Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars-V99-6