Dynamic Response and Mathematical Model of the Side Impact Dummy 902321
A series of rigid wall tests have been conducted at three impact velocities to quantify the dynamic response of the Side Impact Dummy (SID) developed by US DOT. This paper reports the chest, pelvis and head responses of the dummy at various filter frequencies and describes the development and verification of the three-dimensional mathematical model of the Side Impact Dummy utilizing the rigid wall test results.
The mathematical model uses the mass distribution and the linkage system of the current Part 572, Hybrid II dummy which forms the basic platform of the SID. The unique chest of the dummy is modeled by two systems of linkages simulating the rib cage and the jacket. Also included in the model is the internal hardware of the chest, e.g. a damper, rib stopper and a clavicle simulator at the upper spine.
The material and linkage models are based on static and dynamic tests of the dummy components. Model verification were carried out at component levels by comparing model and dummy certification test results. The final validation of the whole dummy model was conducted by simulating rigid wall and APR padding tests and comparing with test results.