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How to Keep “Clean” Cars Clean? Government Policy in the Netherlands
In the Netherlands a lifetime requirement entered into force since July 1, 1990, in combination with a recall regulation. Both are dealing with automotive emissions.
Three parties play a role: the car manufacturer, the owner/operator of the car and the garage.
This paper deals with the surveillance program, commisioned to TNO by the Ministery of Environment of the Netherlands.
In this program is checked whether the car manufacturer has done his job - delivering cars meeting the lifetime requirement and thus meeting the in use compliance standards.
A report is given of the experience so far and an insight to the system.
Jitta, S. and Rijkeboer, R., "How to Keep “Clean” Cars Clean? Government Policy in the Netherlands," SAE Technical Paper 910176, 1991,
S. W. Josephus Jitta, R. C. Rijkeboer
International Congress & Exposition
Worldwide Emission Control Advancements-SP-0863
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