1991-02-01

Characteristics Influencing Ground Vehicle Lateral/Directional Dynamic Stability 910234

Lateral/directional dynamics involve vehicle yawing, rolling and lateral translation motions and dynamic stability concerns directional behavior (i.e. spinout) and rollover. Previous research has considered field test and computer simulation methods and results concerning lateral/directional stability. This paper summarizes measurements and simulation analysis of a wide range of vehicles regarding directional and rollover stability. Directional stability is noted to be strongly influenced by lateral load transfer distribution (LTD) between the front and rear axles LTD influences tire side force saturation properties, and should be set up so that side forces at the rear axle do not saturate before the front axle under hard maneuvering conditions in order to avoid limit oversteer and spinout. Rollover stability is shown to interact with directional stability, and to be related to center of gravity location, track width and several other characteristics that influence these variables under hard maneuvering conditions.

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