Scavenging Flow Measurements in a Motored Two-Stroke Engine by Fiber LDV 910669
The flow velocity in a scavenging port of a small two-stroke engine was measured directly by a specially developed fiber LDV. The measurement was carried out under motored conditions at engine speeds of 1500 to 5000 rpm, and with throttle-opening ratios of 100, 50, and 20 %. The performance of the FLDV was improved for measuring the scavenging velocity in the backscatter mode. The flow in the scavenging port changed significantly from -11 m/s to 47 m/s with the engine cycle, and the pressure difference between the crankcase and the exhaust pipe provided the typical features of the flow but not the absolute values. The results show that the scavenging flow entered the cylinder just before scavenging port opening (SO) and reached a maximum at the crank angle of 145°, which was constant for all conditions. A second velocity peak was formed by the back pressure from the exhaust pipe. The charging rate of the fresh air into the cylinder was obtained to evaluate the engine performance.