An Advanced Database of the 50th Percentile Hybrid III Dummy 910813
This paper presents a measurement program of a sitting 50th percentile Hybrid III Dummy to determine a database for computer simulations. Geometrical, inertial, joint property and surface compliance measurements have been carried out. A description of the measuring methodology is given.
On the basis of these measurements a 20 segment database for the MADYMO 3D occupant simulation program is developed. The major advancements of this database compared to an earlier 15-segment database developed by TNO * can de summarized as follows:
Five additional segments are incorporated in this database to account for the hands, the shoulders(clavicles) and the sternum.
The database includes a complete omni-directional description for the neck as well as the lumbar spine.
A detailed mathematical surface description is available, for instance to be used for computer animations.
Segment ellipsoids for contact interactions have been determined in a more accurate way.
Joint properties are determined with a special developed static joint measuring device.
Segment surface and thoracic stiffness data are based on a large series of tests with different impactor faces, including tests with a seat belt.