1991-07-01

Development of a Portable Contamination Detector for Use During EVA 911387

Initial efforts in the development of an EVA portable contamination detector (EVA PCD) for use by the EVA crew have resulted in the selection and preliminary testing of a concept based upon time-of-flight(TOF) mass spectrometry. The EVA PCD will be a compact, man-portable device intended for use in the ambient vacuum outside the Space Station. It will be used to monitor the surfaces of the EVA suits and mobility units for the presence of potentially toxic contaminants, such as hydrazine propellants and oxidizers, which might otherwise be inadvertently carried into the interior of the Station. The EVA PCD will also be used to locate small leaks of heat exchange fluids in the outer surface of the Station.
This paper describes some key performance needs for the EVA PCD system, approaches taken to interpreting those needs, and some of the results of tradeoff analyses which led to the selection of the TOF concept. Some results from initial experimental tests of a TOF unit are presented.

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