1991-07-01

Development of Sublimator Technology for the European EVA Space Suit 911577

Temperature and Humidity Control are important functions for the astronaut's comfort and safety in an EVA Space Suit. Several sources within the suit, like electrically powered devices, the CO2 removal system and the astronaut himself are permanently producing heat and humidity. Both have to be removed in order to prevent visor fogging and overheating of the astronaut.
Heat from the European Space Suit will be dissipated by the physical process of water sublimation. At pressures lower than 6 hPa water will directly transform from ice into vapor. In the Sublimator this process will take place within a porous plate and will remove heat from both the oxygen ventilation loop and the cooling water loop.
The Sublimator thus consists of a porous plate with the feedwater distribution underneath and a liquid/gas heat exchanger part. A breadboard model has been fabricated from stainless steel and a new porous plate has been developed. Tests have been performed to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the design concept.
This paper will present results obtained during manufacturing and test of the European Sublimator breadboard. Special attention will be given to experience with the new design features.

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