1991-11-01

Numerical Study on Flow Characteristics around Trucks Passing in Tunnels 912597

To get the useful information for a ventilation in tunnels, two-dimensional turbulence flow fields around trucks in tunnels are, as the first step, calculated numerically, while changing the vehicular gap and ejecting speed of gas exhausted from the rear of truck. In addition, to compare the calculated and measured results, the flow patterns in tunnel are visualized by an optical method of laser light sheet and pressure distributions along to center line of the truck are measured by a pressure transducer.
Consequently, relationships between the flow and diffusion patterns of exhausted gas and aerodynamic characteristics around the truck are discussed for various vehicular gaps. Furthermore, the pressure coefficients and flow patterns obtained by calculation are found to be in reasonable agreement with those obtained from measurement.

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