1991-11-01

Field Testing of a Tank Truck and Study of Fluid Slosh 912679

Dynamic fluid slosh and its influence on the dynamic roll stability of a partially filled tank truck has been investigated through a field test program undertaken jointly by the CONCAVE Research Centre and Transportation Technology and Energy Branch of Ontario Ministry of Transportation. The paper describes the test methodology, instrumentation, data acquisition, fluid slosh behaviour, and its influence on the directional response of the tank truck. The data acquired during different directional maneuvers is analyzed to highlight the fluid slosh and its impact on the dynamic load transfer and roll stability of the vehicle. The magnitude of dynamic load transfer, derived from the video records of the dynamic fluid movement, is presented and discussed for various tank fill levels and directional maneuvers. The test results revealed that the magnitude of dynamic fluid slosh is strongly related to the vehicle speed, lateral and longitudinal acceleration, and the fill level. The field measured directional response data is compared to the results derived from the simulation software to demonstrate the validity of the analytical models. The fluid motion viewed during the test maneuvers revealed that the dynamic load transfer caused by fluid slosh can be estimated accurately using steady-state fluid dynamic analysis.

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