This paper reviews the history of heavy truck noise legislation in the U.S. Both legislative activity and the response of vehicle and engine manufacturers are described. The cost cycle experienced by manufacturers is also described. Over a period of time, the costs involved in meeting noise regulations are reduced without increasing truck noise levels. Data is presented which shows that public complaints about truck noise are often related to modified vehicle exhaust systems. The data shows that modified exhaust systems have an especially severe effect on compression brake noise. Additional results suggest that some trucks with extensively modified exhaust systems may be able to pass the in-use noise standard.