1992-02-01

Design and Selection Factors for Automatic Transaxle Tapered Roller Bearings 920609

Tapered roller bearings have proven successful in a number of high-volume automatic transaxle designs. Typically, tapered roller bearings are required to carry high loads generated by helical and hypoid gears. To meet the demands of a successful design, a number of factors must be considered in the selection and application of tapered roller bearings. This paper presents a discussion of these factors as well as results from Chrysler's transaxle testing.
Selection of tapered roller bearings is based on the transmission duty cycle developed using load and speed histograms, gear data, size constraints, and life requirements. A bearing life analysis considering the total transaxle system is conducted using a sophisticated computer program. Various system effects are analyzed including the load/speed cycle, housing and shaft rigidity, lubrication, bearing setting, thermal effects, and bearing internal design.
Dynamometer and durability testing of various model transaxles have assisted in predicting bearing performance in the actual application. Testing also provides data necessary for enhancements to bearing design, housing and shaft design for improved rigidity, and improved oil flow to the bearings.

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