Effect of Bead Finish Orientation on Friction and Galling in the Drawbead Test 920632
This study was undertaken to examine the role of tool finish orientation on the drawing of zinc-coated steel sheets. Beads of average roughnesses of 0.1 μm and 0.2 μm, finished parallel to and perpendicular to sliding, were used in the drawbead test. Lubrication was provided by unblended base oils of 4.5, 30, and 285 mm2/s @ 40°C, used neat and with a boundary additive, 1% stearic acid. Three types of coated sheet (galvannealed, electrogalvanized, and hot-dip galvanized) were compared to bare AKDQ steel sheet.
Results show that lubricant viscosity had the greatest effect on friction, while bead finish orientation and coating type influenced the nature of metal transfer and the galling of the strip. Mixed-film lubrication dominated with the medium and heavy lubricants, here contact area and friction were reduced with increasing lubricant viscosity.