1992-07-01

Thermodiode System Application for the Achievement of Low Temperature for Optic Sensors at External Disturbances 921209

An approach to the creation of passive radiative cooling system ensuring temperature levels less than 220K for the optical sensor of scientific space equipment elements is considered. The system is intended for the arbitrary orientation-in-space function under solar radiation. Theoretical analysis of the application field of this system, using heat pipes with constant and variable thermal resistance in a range of solar constant variation (500…2700)W/m2 is given. Experimental results on system models, in which two engaged in parallel thermodiodes with freon-22 and ammonium were used, showed the possibility to attain device temperature levels less than 220 K at the solar constant magnitude 1400 W/m2 and device heat release under (1…2) W.

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