1992-10-01

The Development of Lubricating Oils for Rotary Racing Engines 922375

In order to achieve the highest power output and lowest fuel consumption for the rotary engine in endurance race such as Le Mans, two types of lubricating oils were developed by conducting a single - rotor engine test at the rotational speed of 7500 rpm under full load. One was the engine oil for the lubrication of the combustion chamber. The other was a so - called system oil for lubrication of the engine system outside the combustion chamber.The conclusions obtained from the development are as follows: 1) Engine oil for the combustion chamber The engine oil greatly influences spitback phenomenon1) which can cause rotary engine trouble in an endurance race. The spitback phenomenon is decreased by the decrease of carbonaceous deposit and ash in the apex seal grooves. The newly developed oil to improve this phenomenon consists of conventional ashless dispersant and synthetic base stock, which easily burns without forming a deposit. 2) System oil The system oil significantly influences the fuel consumption of rotary engines. A thermally stable, high VI synthetic base stock was used as the base oil for the system oil in order to ensure engine reliability. Fuel saving was successfully achieved by the addition of an organic molybdenum compound as a friction modifier (FM) and lowering base oil viscosity without interfering with the protection from bearing surface failure. The addition of FM is expected to improve fuel consumption by 1 to 1.5% as well as lowering the surface temperature of the bearing metal to a significant extent. These two oils have been used for racing cars fitted with rotary engines since the 1989 Le Mans Race.

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