Electromechanical Systems with Transient High Power Response Operating from a Resonant AC Link 929113
The combination of an inherently robust asynchronous (induction) electrical machine with the rapid control of energy provided by a high frequency resonant ac link enables the efficient management of higher power levels with greater versatility. This could have a variety of applications from launch vehicles to all-electric automobiles. These types of systems utilize a machine which is operated by independent control of both the voltage and frequency. This is made possible by using an indirect field-oriented control method which allows instantaneous torque control in all four operating quadrants. Incorporating the ac link allows the converter in these systems to switch at the zero crossing of every half cycle of the ac waveform. This “zero loss” switching of the link allows rapid energy variations to be achieved without the usual frequency proportional switching loss.
Several field-oriented control systems have been developed by NASA Lewis and General Dynamics Space Systems Division under contract to NASA. This paper will begin with a description of a single motor, electromechanical actuation system and then focus on a conceptual design for an AC electric vehicle. This design will incorporate an induction motor/generator together with a flywheel for peak energy storage. System operation and implications along with the associated circuitry will be addressed. Such a system would greatly improve all-electric vehicle ranges over the Federal Urban Driving Cycle (FUD).