New Biomechanical Models for Automobile Seat Design 930110
New models are being developed to represent the geometry and movements of people in seated postures. The positions and motions of the torso skeletal structures for different amounts of lumbar curvature have been studied and represented in side view, two dimensional computer models of the average man, small woman, and large man. Some further developments for the average man include:
two dimensional, articulated drafting template,
three dimensional computer model of the skeletal system with soft tissue thicknesses added to represent the external body contours on the back of the torso, and
model of forces and moments between body segments based on seated posture, body segment masses, and seat surface forces.
This paper describes these new biomechanical models and their potential uses in designing seats that more comfortably fit and move with people.