A Study of a Wide Range Air-Fuel Ratio Sensor for Exhaust Emission Reduction 930233
Emissions tests were performed to study the operating characteristics of a wide range air/fuel ratio (AFR) sensor in closed loop control. The AFR sensor used here has an output voltage with respect to AFR that is linear and can be characterized by a fourth order polynomial function. For this study the output signal of the AFR sensor was fed into a General Control Unit (GCU). The GCU converted this analog input signal into a square wave similar to a lambda sensor. The output from the GCU was fed into the Engine Control Unit (ECU) of the 3.8L, V6 test engine to control the engine A/F ratio. Emissions tests were conducted in closed loop mode under steady state and transient condition. Emissions of HC, CO and NOx using the AFR sensor will be shown. Results of these tests showed that the AFR sensor allowed for precise control of the AFR at the stoichiometric point (λ = 1.0).