1993-03-01

Optimization of an Electrically-Heated Catalytic Converter System Calculations and Application 930384

From SAE-Papers and several publications, the easy, effective function and management of an EHC-System is well known. The direction of the development is now to reduce the electrical energy consumption and to show the mechanical durability of the heating structure. This paper shows that it is possible to minimize the energy consumption and that the required service life can be in principle achieved with the introduction of these developments.The physical characteristics such as mass, geometrical surface area, cell density and electrical resistance of the EHC construction could be optimized to save energy. This, in conjunction with the operating parameters of the engine, the controlling of the secondary air and the catalyst configuration, will enable the goals to be met. The design of the converter, the physical characteristics and the results of the tests are shown with the Porsche 944 S2 and 968 applications. To further understand thermomechanical durability behavior, thermo-cycling, vibration analysis and high mileage durability tests on vehicle were carried out.

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