Regional Tolerance of the Shoulder, Thorax, Abdomen and Pelvis to Padding in Side Impact 930435
Lateral impact testing has been performed on the shoulder, thorax, abdomen and pelvis of human cadavers by several investigators. The impacts have either been whole body impacts in sled tests or pendulum type impacts to the separate regions. Based on the forces produced in these tests and the accompanying injury, initial recommendations can be made on force-tolerance and padding tolerance to the various regions of the human body in side impact. The pelvis has the highest force tolerance, followed by the shoulder, abdomen and thorax. Padding crush strength tolerance based on these forces and estimated contact areas are presented. This information is of practical importance to engineers who design door interior trim for side impact safety.
John M. Cavanaugh, Yue Huang, Yonghua Zhu, Albert I. King
International Congress & Exposition
Biomechanics of Impact Injury and Injury Tolerances of the Thorax-Shoulder Complex-PT-45, Biomechanics of Impact Injuries and Injury Tolerances of the Abdomen, Lumbar Spine, and Pelvis Complex-PT-47, SAE 1993 Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-V102-6