A Numerically Stable Computer Model for Sheet Metal Forming Analysis by 2D Membrane Theory 930518
In this paper, we introduce a numerically stable 2D computer model for sheet metal forming analysis based on the membrane theory. It simulates both axisymmetrical and plane strain cases with various restraining and friction conditions. We implemented a more realistic material model that accounts for cyclic loading and unloading. Also, the difficult frictional force reversal problem has been overcome. A simulation package released within Ford Motor Company has proven robust and accurate for applications to industrial cases.