1993-11-01

Development of Simultaneous Zinc Phosphating Process for Aluminum and Steel Plates 931936

A method was studied for simultaneous zinc phosphating on aluminum and steel surfaces to obtain high corrosion resistance on aluminum surfaces, which conventional phosphatic processing could not provide with sufficient corrosion resistance.
Since aluminum is protected by an oxide film on its surface, it has poor processability with zinc phosphating solutions applied to steel. An appropriate quantity of fluoride was therefore added to improve processing, and the coating film, aluminum composition and surface conditions were optimized to suppress filiform corrosion, which is characterized by string-like blisters of paint film starting from a paint defect.
In addition, in view of the actual production environment, the corrosion resistance of the ground area made for readjustment after stamping was studied for the optimization of the processing solution.
As a result of this study, zinc phosphating of aluminum and steel in the same bath is currently done in actual production operations, and the resistance of processed aluminum to filiform corrosion proved higher than when chromic chromating was applied.

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