Piston Ring Pack Friction and Lubrication Analysis of an Automotive Engine Using a Mixed Lubrication Model 931937
A ring pack friction model has been developed based on the mixed lubrication concept to investigate the effects of ring surface topology on ring/liner interfacial frictions. The simulated friction results were verified by using the moving liner test rig and good correlations were established. The developed model was then extended to simulate the ring pack frictions under engine firing conditions. Surface roughness pattern oriented in the transverse, isotropic, and longitudinal directions were analyzed. The results indicate that the influence of surface pattern on ring pack friction is very substantial. A reduction of 9 percent of the ring pack friction is observed simply due to the surface pattern change. Friction reduction is a result from an increase in film thickness. This also helps to decrease the friction spikes near the dead centers and reduce ring wear. An increase in surface roughness magnitude significantly increases the ring pack friction. The mixed lubrication zone is also extended, and the oil ring friction is observed to be the most sensitive to surface roughness variations.