1993-07-01

Results of Microbiological and Corrosion Analysis of Three Urine Pretreatment Regimes with Titanium-6AI-4V 932046

One objective of the Water Recovery Test (WRT) recently completed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) for the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) of Space Station Freedom, was to determine the ability of the Water Recovery System to reclaim urine for crew reuse. In the process, raw urine is pretreated using a commercially available oxidant, Oxone (Dupont), and sulfuric acid (to reduce ammonia), and pumped into a urine processing subsystem. Recently, a combination of sodium hypochlorite and sulfuric acid has been considered as an alternative pretreatment.
This study examined the ability of these pretreatments, plus a third pretreatment utilizing ozone, to reduce microbial levels in raw urine. In addition, the corrosion rate of titanium-6AL-4V, a candidate material for the water system of Space Station Freedom, was monitored in the presence of these pretreatments using weld and base metal specimens. Specimen surfaces were examined at completion of the 21 day test using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Changes in pH, color, turbidity and odor were recorded over the course of the test.

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