1993-07-01

Functions Effectiveness Model for Design of Integrated Regenerative Life Support System 932066

This paper deals with the Functions Effectiveness Model (FEM) for Design of the Integrated Regenerative Life Support Systems (IRLSS) based on the physico-chemical methods of the crew metabolic–waste products transformation to controlled components of human environment and intended for the initial problem solution of the IRLSS technology synthesis. The Functions Effectiveness Model of the IRLSS is utterly based on the conceptual model of the Manned Orbital Station Ecologic–Technical System (1), which includes the IRLSS and links of environment: the Space Station Design, the Spaceship crew (CREW), the Space Cabin Atmosphere (SCA), the Thermal Control System (ThCS), the Energetic-Support System (ESS) and the Auxiliary Systems (AS).The approach, under consideration, is based on the application the global criterion of the IRLSS effectiveness in the form of the optimization thermal–economic goal function, metric criteria for the preliminary contraction of technology alternative variants set, and effectiveness local criteria for the solution of a technology synthesis problem.In addition, the given functions effectiveness model application for the solution of the design different problems as well as for the solution of the rational utilization energy problem, are discussed.

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