Preignition with High Olefin Fuels in a 2-Stroke SI Engine 932395
Hydrocarbon composition of fuel affects the deposit composition, its capacity to heat up the hot spots, and propensity of the fuel to preignition. Presently, fluidized catalytically cracked streams forms a large fraction of total gasoline pool in India and gasolines contain up to 50% olefins. About 60% of total gasoline in the country is consumed by the two wheeled vehicles powered mostly by 2-stroke engines. Preignition tendency of fuels with varying content of olefinic hydrocarbons was studied on a 2-stroke engine, during a 50 hour test. Preignition was indicated by sudden increase in combustion chamber surface temperature. Results showed a marked increase in preignition as the olefin content of gasoline increased above 20% by volume.